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Category Archives: Access to Treatment

Race/Ethnicity Differences in Alcohol, Marijuana, and Co-occurring Alcohol and Marijuana Use Disorders

Race/Ethnicity Differences between Alcohol, Marijuana, and Co-occurring Alcohol and Marijuana Use Disorders and Their Association with Public Health and Social Problems
Lauren R. Pacek BS1, Robert J. Malcolm MD2 & Silvia S. Martins MD, PhD1

Parental alcohol dependence, socioeconomic disadvantage and alcohol and cannabis dependence among young adults in the community

Parental alcohol dependence, socioeconomic disadvantage and alcohol and cannabis dependence among young adults in the community

M. Melchior, M. Choquet, Y. Le Strat, C. Hassler, P. Gorwood

European Psychiatry Volume 26, Issue 1 , Pages 13-17, January 2011

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that socioeconomic disadvantage exacerbates the intergenerational transmission of substance dependence. Among 3056 community-based young adults (18–22 years, 2007), the prevalence of alcohol dependence (WHO AUDIT, 5.8%) and cannabis dependence (DSM IV criteria, 7.3%) was doubled in the presence of combined parental alcohol dependence and socioeconomic disadvantage.

The complete article is available at:

http://www.europsy-journal.com/article/S0924-9338(10)00057-X/abstract

Teens in child welfare system show higher drug abuse rate

Teens in child welfare system show higher drug abuse rate

Source:  (As reported in ScienceDaily, November 4, 2013)  Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. (2013, November 4). Teens in child welfare system show higher drug abuse rate. ScienceDaily.  Retrieved May 22, 2014 fromwww.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131104035404.htm

ScienceDaily Summary:

Teenagers in the child welfare system are at higher-than-average risk of abusing marijuana, inhalants and other drugs. However, the study also shows that parental involvement matters.

WTR-RI Research & Analysis Team Note:

This ScienceDaily article report that this study’s authors identified several significant differences in marijuana, alcohol and other drug use between socially vulnerable youth and youth in the general population.  They further note differences in drugs of choice, including the finding that “teens in the welfare system were more likely to have tried marijuana, inhalants or hard drugs – but not alcohol”.  ScienceDaily also observed that across all youth in the study both socially vulnerable and in the general population, “a key risk factor was delinquency”.  Implications for treatment and parenting support are also discussed.

Journal Reference:

Fettes, D. L., Aarons, G. A., & Green, A. E. Higher rates of adolescent substance use in child welfare versus community populations in the United StatesJournal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, November 2013

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